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My Last Versatil Group

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by Saúl Miranda Ramos
          Last summer I interacted in a versatile group at Spring International Languaje Center of the University of Arkansas. At first, it was versatile since shared interests. For instance, all we were involved in topics like social justice as gender, poverty, education, enviroment, and others. Moreover, the members of the group have experiences in social development projects like journalist, teachers, psychotherapists, laws, and others. In contrast, this group had lots of differences. For example, in this group we were from very different countries that comes from Asia, Africa, Europe, India and from America* and everyone  know each country has his own ways to be and act. Consequently, the culture of the members in this group were too distinct from each other. For only a few examples, people greet with a bow, one kiss, two kisses, holding hands, or without touching the other person. Another example is the different tools to eat such a as chopsticks, forks or ju…

National History and Anthropology Museum

by Saúl Miranda RamosLast June I took an interesting trip to the National History and Anthropology Museum in Mexico City to know more about Mexican culture, the country where I live. At first, I knew more about my ancestors such as aztecas and mayas. Aztecas were founders of Mexico-Tenochtitlan city. They built this city and developed markets, architecture, and the basis of the current culture of this country. In addition to, Mayas culture is manifested at the museum. Mayas were a very important culture at Mesoamerica due to they developed knowledge about astronomy and Math. Moreover, they built a very important city in Yucatán, México. One maya pyramid was declared a marvelous of the world just few years ago. Most significantly, I could know and see original prehispanic pieces. At the museum front, you can see “Tlaloc” the Aztec rain god who were translated to Mexico City. In the Museum, you can admire the solar calendar which is in a special and central saloon. In the same sense, th…

Food in the Dead’s Day

by Saúl Miranda RamosCelebrating the dead´s day in my hometown Tzicuilan implies offering several kind of food to died people. First of all, people in my hometown use to offer tamales. Tamales are a kind of food made by corn, meat and mole or chili sauce. They are evolved by a corn leave or a banana leave, and cooked by steam. Second, is a tradition offering pipián to the soul of the relatives that have dead. This kind of food is delicious and made by sesame, tomatoes, chili pepper and chicken. Indeed, pipián is a traditional but pretty common food in my hometown. Most importantly is offering mole. That is a very traditional food used to serve to significant guests at important celebrations. Furthermore, this food is made by several kinds of chiles, and other ingredients. For instance, peanuts, cinnamon, cookies, tomatoes, almonds, fried bananas, sugar and dozens of other ingredients are contained at mole. Moreover, all they are mixed and cooked with Chicken soup. To sum up, tamales, …

A Very Important Woman Leader in Cuetzalan

by Saúl Miranda RamosDoña Rufina is a very important woman leader in Cuetzalan. First of all, she is the president of an indigenous woman organization called Taselotzin.Like president she established a hotel that offers beds, laundry and restaurant services. Also, she coordinates a medical traditional group of women at the same hotel. This traditional medical services are, such as, temazcal, massages and curative teas. Second, she has been president of organizations built by other organizations in Cuetzalan. She was elected president in the group “Vive Cuetzalan” where this group is constituted by restaurants, hotels, NGO´s, Government institutions and others. In this group she leads projects that promote the tourism in the Northwest Puebla. In these days her participations has been brilliant in the project of “ordenamiento territorial”. Moreover, she has leaded a political group. In the 90´s se was candidate for be president of Cuetzalan, but unfortunately the chauvinism does not all…

A Particular Christmas Celebration

by Saùl Miranda Ramos
Christmas is celebrated in a communitarian and participatory way in Tzicuilan. First of all, in this town the participation of children is special when they perform shepherdes who visit Belèn. Some days before December 24th Children use to practice chants and dances to commemorate Jesus birth. Second, the participation of indigenous dances are relevant at Christmas celebration. This dances are Negritos, Quetzales, Santiagos and Voladores. In the performing of his dances implies the participation of other people likewise the "Tenientes" a traditional authority in this town. In adition the participation of Mayordomos is important because of the responsability they have in face of the community. Mayordomos have the responsability of care a saint and cooperate to organize the celebration with things like the shopping of flowers, candles, garlands, and fireworks shaped like "little bulls" and called "toritos". Also, the goverment of this …